McCord Museum - First Nations

First Peoples of Canada Inuit

  • The Inuit thought in animism: all residing and non-living things had a spirit. That included folks, creatures, inanimate objects, and forces of nature.
  • When a spirit died, it carried on staying in another globe- the character world.
  • The only people who had sufficient capacity to manage the spirits were the powerful religious frontrunners labeled as the Shamans or 'Angakoks'. Shamans used charms and dances as a method to communicate with the nature world.
  • Shamans additionally wore carved masks-mostly representing creatures- while doing their rituals. It was believed that masks had powers that enabled all of them to communicate with the spirits.
  • To appease the spirits the Shamans will make tips. They'd recommend offering gift suggestions towards the spirits, going away, and often would fine the individual for breaking the principles and angering the spirits.
  • Shamans utilized their particular rattles to summon within the spirits
    Shaman mask
    Shaman mask
    Shaman mask
    Shaman parka
    Spirit 'Amekak' lived-in the ground The Spirits
  • Bad weather, ailments, and a poor hunt had been all blamed on displeased spirits.
  • There have been particular instructions the Inuit were expected to follow to help make the spirits happy.
  • They'd rituals for hunting and eating food to deal with the spirits that lived in the animals.
  • They had to pay a deep value on character of this creatures they hunted, so that the spirit reappeared an additional animal that could compromise its life once more. When they would not spend their particular areas into the character, the nature would reappear as a demon.
  • Humans additionally had souls that could be lost or stolen (factors behind infection and madness). The belief ended up being that humans had been made of three components: a body, a name, and a soul. When someone died, it absolutely was only the body that passed away, the character and name could continue located in a human anatomy. The names of lifeless loved ones got to children, making sure the soul and title could carry on living.

  • Carving of a-sea nature Guidelines associated with the Spirit World
  • Listed below are principles that needed to be used being appease the spirits:
  • Ladies are not permitted to sew caribou skins inside igloos on sea ice during the winter.
  • The Inuit folks didn't eat water mammal and land mammal meat on exact same dinner.
  • a knife utilized for killing whales had to be covered with sealskin, perhaps not caribou epidermis.
  • After killing a seal, melted snow had to be dripped into its lips to quench the nature's thirst.
  • The Inuit stored the kidney of hunted animals, because the belief ended up being that the nature had been found around.

  • Carving of Sedna putting a beluga whale Sedna...

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